Boeing 727

Boeing 727 Specifications

Boeing 727 is the only trijet built by Boeing. It is a narrow-body airliner, built mainly for domestic flights. It had its first flight on February 9, 1963 and was introduced on February 1, 1964 with Eastern Airlines. The Boeing 727 was in production for 22 years between 1962 and 1984 with a total of 1,832 units built, of which 1,831 have been delivered (one was retained by Boeing for tests). The aircraft was developed in two variants, the 727-100 and 727-200, but a third variant, the 727-300, was proposed, but due to lack of interest from the airlines, the idea of a third variant was abandoned.

Boeing 727 at LAX
Boeing 727 at LAX, CC BY-SA 2.0

Boeing 727-100 Specifications

Lufthansa Boeing 727-100
Lufthansa Boeing 727-100

The 727-100 variant utilised the same fuselage cross-section as the 707, but with a smaller lower fuselage that was specifically designed for shorter range flights with less baggage. Notably, the 721-100 was the first Boeing aircraft to include an auxiliary power unit (APU). In addition to the basic passenger-carrying 727, the initial development of the 727-100 led to a small family of sub-variants, such as higher gross weight options, the 727-100C Convertible, and the 727-200QC Quick Change, which had a large freight door on the forward left-hand side of the fuselage. As a result, many of these aircraft were subsequently converted into pure freighters. The production for the Boeing 727-100 was ceased in 1973.

First FlightFebruary 9, 1963
IntroductionFebruary 1, 1964 with Eastern Airlines
Number Built572 units (includes subvariants), 571 delivered and one retained by Boeing
Length133 ft 2 in (40.59 m)
Fuselage width140 in (3.56 m)
Wingspan108 ft (32.92 m)
Wing area1,650 sq ft (153 m2)
Tail height34 ft 3 in (10.44 m)
MTOW169,000 lb (76,700 kg)
Rolenarrow-body airliner
EnginesPratt & Whitney JT8D
Cruising speed495–518 kn (917–960 km/h)
Range2,250 nmi (4,170 km)
CapacityTwo-class seats: 106; One-class seats: 125
Boeing 727-100 specs

Sub-variants of the Boeing 727-100 Specifications

727-100C727-100QC727-100QFBoeing C-22ABoeing C-22B
RoleConvertible passenger cargo versionQuick Convertible passenger cargo versionCargo version with quieter enginesMilitary versionMilitary version
Number built164 (100C+100QC+100QF variants)164 (100C+100QC+100QF variants)164 (100C+100QC+100QF variants)14
EnginesPratt & Whitney JT8D-1,-7,-9Pratt & Whitney JT8D-1,-7,-9 Rolls-Royce TayPratt & Whitney JT8D-1,-7,-9Pratt & Whitney JT8D-1,-7,-9
Boeing 727-100 sub-variants specs

Boeing 727-200 specifications

Boeing 727-200
Boeing 727-200, By Iberia Airlines – Flickr: B-727, CC BY 2.0

Boeing 727-200 is a stretched version of the 727-100, and was introduced 4 years later than the -100, in 1968. An improved version of this variant, the 727-200 Advanced was introduced in 1970. This variant had more powerful engines and an improved range from 1,930 to 2,550 nmi (3,570 to 4,720 km). The Advanced variant eventually became the most produced 727-200, with a total of 950 units delivered.

First FlightJuly 27, 1967
First DeliveryDecember 14, 1967, to Northeast Airlines
Number Built1260 units (includes subvariants)
Length153 ft 2 in (46.68 m)-20 feet (6.1 m) longer than 727-100
Fuselage width140 in (3.56 m)
Wingspan108 ft (32.92 m)
Wing area1,650 sq ft (153 m2)
Tail height34 ft 3 in (10.44 m)
MTOW172,000 lb (78,100 kg)
Rolenarrow-body airliner
EnginesPratt & Whitney JT8D-7,-9,-11
Cruising speed467–515 kn (865–953 km/h)
Range1,900 nmi (3,500 km)
CapacityTwo-class seats: 134; One-class seats: 155
Boeing 727-200 specs

Sub-variants of the Boeing 727-200 Specifications

727-200C727-200 Advanced727-200F AdvancedBoeing C-22C
RoleConvertible passenger cargo versionAirliner with more powerful engines, improved range, fuel capacity and MTOWFreighter version of the 727-200 AdvancedMilitary version
Number built193515 (All for FedEx1
EnginesPratt & Whitney JT8D-1,-7,-9Pratt & Whitney JT8D-9,-15,-17 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-17APratt & Whitney JT8D-1,-7,-9
Boeing 727-200 sub-variants specs

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